HÉLÈNE OF MECKLEMBOURG-SCHWERIN, DUCHESS OF ORLÉANS (1814-1858). The eldest son of Louis-Philippe d'Orléans (1747-1793) and Louise-Marie-Adelaide d'Orléans, Louis Philippe d'Orléanswas born in Paris in 1773. François nevertheless pursued repressive activities in his own territories. Loyal to. 5 gode grunde til at skrive et besøg på Fontevraud-klosteret på din bucketliste. As its name implies, the Château Royal d’Amboise is a château that can be found in Amboise, Loire Valley, France. FRANÇOIS III BOUCHARD D'AUBETERRE (1522-1573). Charles cut his military teeth in Italy, in the service of Louis XII. [13] King Louis-Philippe began restoring it during his reign but with his abdication in 1848, the château was confiscated by the government. One of the most interesting facts about the Château de Chambord is that its overall design resembles that of a medieval… [6] To further threaten Amboise, fortifications were erected at Chaumont and Montsoreau, while Saint-Aignan was garrisoned.[7]. Château d'Amboise in Amboise: Find opening hours and directions, compare prices before booking, see photos, and read reviews . However, the accusations against his father, the regicide of “Philippe-Egalité”, by the revolutionary tribunal forced him into exile. He was named Provisional Consul in 1799, swiftly replaced by Charles-François Lebrun (1738-1824). LOUISE-MARIE-ADELAIDE D'ORLÉANS, DUCHESS OF ORLÉANS (1753-1821). A law student in Toulouse in 1788, he helped to compile the Register of Grievances for the town of Dax. The great patron of the French Renaissance, indeed spent his youth and lived there during the first five years of his reign. [5], Amboise and its castle descended through the family to Fulke Nerra in 987. 11 July. Chateau d'Amboise is situated near the city of Tours in the departement of Indre et Loire. org . In 1646, a letter certified that he was in the service of Cardinal Mazarin (1602-1661), cardinal and first minister of the regent Anne of Austria (1601-1666), mother of Louis XIV. Like many castles in Europe, Amboise was originally designed to be a fortress and later converted into a stately residence. ... Photo of château d'Amboise by Franceintense Photo of Amboise at dusk by Iain G - and photo of pagoda by Hélène Rival both creative commons licence. Many of the Kings of France were born, lived and died at Château d’Amboise. After having defended the emperor’s cause in 1516 against five French emissaries, he retired for the summer to Bologna to continue his studies in law and Greek literature. FRANÇOISE OF BRAGANZA, PRINCESS OF BRAZIL, PRINCESS OF JOINVILLE (1824-1898). He succeeded Charles under the name Henri III in 1574. He became Duke of Brittany upon the death of his mother (1524) but did not govern because his father had usufruct over the duchy. She held a grudge against France for a long time and later played an eminent diplomatic role, as aunt of the future Charles V and governor of the Netherlands. There was first a Gallic oppidum. Isabella stayed in Amboise in 1501.. JEANNE OF FRANCE, QUEEN OF FRANCE (1464-1505) CANONISED IN 1950 UNDER THE NAME ST JEANNE OF VALOIS. Today's visitor sees about a fifth of what Amboise once was, and can gain an impression of its extent by walking its parapets. In 503, he signed a temporary peace treaty with Alaric, the king of the Visigoths, in Amboise, on the Ile d’Or in the middle of the Loire (in front of the current château) on the border between the Frank and Visigoth kingdoms. His stays at the Royal Castle of Amboise: : 1540: 6th April; 1551: 1st May; 1560: 18th to 27th March; 24th April; 1562: 5th April; 1563: 7th to 12th April; 1569: 10th to 19th August; 1571: 2nd November; 16th to 28th December; 1572: 2nd January to 6th February; 5th April; 1575: 25th October; 1577: 19th January; 19th April; 20th October. She discovered a Scotland divided by the religious question. He became captain of the Cent-Suisses company, charged with guarding the royal apartments. Having only received bare ownership of his father’s assets and usufruct of his mother’s, it was the latter, who survived him, who governed the county of Vendôme. The Château of Amboise architecture is deeply linked to its history. She gave birth to eight children, three of whom survived to adulthood: Anne of France (future Anne ofBeaujeuand regent of the kingdom), Jeanne de France, future wife of Louis XII and the future Charles VIII. ISABELLA I, KNOWN AS “THE CATHOLIC”, QUEEN OF CASTILE AND LÉON, QUEEN CONSORT OF ARAGON AND NAPLES (1451/ 1474/1504). Born in 1492, Lorenzo II de Medici, Duke of Urbino, was the son of Piero di Lorenzo II de Medici (1472-1503) and AlfonsinaOrsini (1472-1531) and the nephew of Pope Leo X (Giovanni di Lorenzo de Medici) (Pontiff from 1513 to 1521). He then fought on French soil under an assumed name because of the 1886 exile law, which forbade him to be in France. The granddaughter of Charles le Téméraire, Duke of Burgundy, she was the second child of Emperor Maximilian Ier and Marie of Burgundy (1457-1482). He became a great patron of the arts and surrounded himself with great artists who worked in particular on the grandeur of his château of Vaux-le-Vicomte. Here he focused on … Her young fiancé treated her tenderly, but in 1491 decided to renounce this marriage and her dowry (most notably made up of the provinces of Artois and Franche-Comté) to marry Anne de Bretagne. Upon the death of his brother François (1563), he became head of the house of Guise and for the rest of his career opposed the policies of Catherine de Medici. The couple completed the ‘Reconquista’ (reconquest)thatled to the annexation of Grenada in 1492. His authority was contested and the English army occupied the majority of French territory. Tags: france (99 pics) Château d'Amboise The royal Château at Amboise is a château located in Amboise, in the Indre-et-Loire département of the Loire Valley in France. Chateau Royal d'Amboise: History. However, the murder of his daughter-in-law, the Princess of Lamballe (1749-1792) by the ‘sans-culottes’ revolutionaries darkened his final days, although he still refused to leave France. He was held hostage in Spain from 1526 to 1530, with his younger brother, Henri, the future Henri II, in exchange for the freedom of his father François Ier. He asserted his authority in 1617 and distanced his mother from power. His visits to the royal château of Amboise after his accession : 1515 (5th to 29th June); 1516 (16th to 18th August; 25th August to 30th September; 25th to 31st December); 1517 (1st to 4th January; 24th November; 10th to 31st December); 1518 (1st January to 18th February; 23rd February to 2ndJune); 1519 (16th October to 2nd December); 1520 (2nd April; 9th to 20th November); 1524 (24th to 25th May; 10th June; 18th June to 1st July); 1526 (30th July to 27th August; 3rd September, 8th to 13th September); 1529 (18th April; 28th April to 2nd May; 26th May); 1530 (22nd March; 31st March to 2nd April; 26th September to 25th October); 1532(12th to 16th September; 22nd September); 1534 (3rd to 19th October; 28th November); 1536 (29th October; 17th to 19th November);1538 (26th August); 1539 (14th December); 1541(5th to 20th April; 27th April; 1st to 9th May); 1543 (19th to 21st January); 1545 (12th April). LOUIS-JEAN-MARIE DE BOURBON, DUKE OF PENTHIÈVRE (1725-1793). In favour of Napoléon Bonaparte (1769/1804-1814-1815/1821) and a friend of the abbot Sieyès (1748-1836), he gave his support to the Coup d'État of 18 Brumaire in the Year VIII – 9th November 1799. During the royal festivities of spring 1518 to celebrate the baptism of the dauphin prince François and the marriage of the Duke of Urbino (Lorenzo II de Medici) and Madeleine de la Tour-d’Auvergne, Leonardo da Vinci found himself commissioned to create decors of Arcs de Triomphe. With no direct descendant, he bequeathed a large part of his immense heritage, including the Château of Chantilly, to the Institut de France. The abortive peace of Amboise was signed at Amboise on 12 March 1563, between Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, who had been implicated in the conspiracy to abduct the king, and Catherine de' Medici. GASTON OF FRANCE OR GASTON OF ORLÉANS (1608-1660) : The third son of King Henri IV and brother of King Louis XIII, Gaston of France received the Château of Amboise as a privilege in 1627. A young man during the Revolution, he was in favour of certain revolutionary ideas. He came to Amboise a few weeks before to informEmir Abd-el-Kader of his liberation. Kings occasionally stayed there when they were traveling through the area (including Henry IV, Louis XIII, and Louis XIV). King Charles VIII died at the château in 1498 after hitting his head on a door lintel. The tomb is now preserved in Tours cathedral. Like his brothers, he spent his younger years at the Henri-IV college and began a military career at 16. HENRI IV, KING OF FRANCE AND NAVARRE (1553/ 1589/1610). CHARLES VIII, KING OF FRANCE (1470/ 1483/1498): The only surviving son of Louis XI (1423/ 1461/1483), Charles was raised at the Château of Amboise alongside his mother Charlotte ofSavoieand his sisters. The Château d’Amboise played a smaller role in French history throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. Despite preferring his residence in Blois, he nevertheless continued the building works started by his predecessor at Amboise, in order to create a residence fit for his heir apparent François of Angoulême (futur François 1er). However, in December 1560,upon the death of King François II, his mother Catherine de Medici, obtained the regency of the kingdom and led a policy of tolerance towards the reformers. The stunning Renaissance castle looks out over the scenic Loire River and offers travelers a memorable look at the history of French royalty. 2. It is the largest Chateau in Loire Valley. The Court soon had to leave the town because of the smell of corpses. She married the youngest son of François Ier, Henri, the future Henri II, in 1533,then became queen upon the death of François Ier. He was freed four years later by Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (1809/1852-1870/1873),then Prince-Président, who went in person to deliver the French authorities’ ruling in 1847. He was assassinated in his bed one year after the St. Bartholomew massacre. To all intents and purposes, the history of Amboise starts with the genesis of the kingdom of France in the Middle Ages. However, she claimed the crown upon the death of her half-brother, usurping the latter’s daughter, in 1474. The “Amboise Conspiracy”, which ended with the execution of the Huguenotplotters, marked the start of a major political and religious crisis in the French kingdom. ANDREA SOLARIO (1460-1524), ALSO KNOWN AS ANDREA DI BARTOLO, This painter, a former pupil of Leonardo da Vinci, was at the royal court in Amboise from 1507 to 1510. Thanks to the patronage of those close to him and the archbishop of Mainz, he was able to finish his studies in Italy, and aspired to a post as a princely advisor in the Holy Empire's chanceries. Another Leonardo sight is the Château Royal d'Amboise — the historic royal residence partially designed by the brilliant Italian. "Gorgeous chateau, worth paying to have a look around." After studying law in Venice then Bologna, he returned to Germany in 1514. She died ten years later in England. There are more … This is how the Château of Amboise entered the royal domain. Franz von Sickingen (1481 - 1523), German war chief, fought in the ranks of Emperor Maximilian until his banishment in 1513. Faced with the religious troubles at the heart of her own kingdom, Catherine resolved to accept the marriage of her daughter with the head of the Protestant movement, Henri, king of Navarre, in 1572. He was crowned Duke of Brittany under the name of François III following the union of the duchy of Brittany with the kingdom of France in 1532. She became queen of France the following year, upon the death of Henri II (1519- 1547-1559), and accompanied her husband when he stayed at the Château of Amboise. The chateau sits upon a hill and overlooks the town of Amboise on one side, and the river Loire on the other. Chateau d’Amboise history. After King Charles VII seized the Chatêau from a wayward subject in 1434, the castle became a favorite of French royalty, with each generation adding and modifying the existing castle. Henri II was less tolerant than his father about the rapidly expanding Protestant movement. Very attractive gardens. On the 17th March 1560, King François II made the Duke of Guise lieutenant general of the kingdom. Anne de Bretagne passed away in the Château of Blois in January 1514. In the late 9th century Ingelgarius was made viscount of Orléans and through his mother was related to Hugh the Abbot, tutors to the French kings. After a solitary life, she died at Amboise on 1st December 1483.. ANNE OF FRANCE (ANNE OF BEAUJEU) (1461-1522). Although initially open to discussion and church reform, he supported the policies of the chancellor Michel de l'Hospital, while painting himself as a champion of the Catholic cause. Relevance? (photo: Steve Smith) The Château Royal d'Amboise, home to several French kings, was built on a strategic site next to the Loire River. It was in this role that he featured among the guests at the grand royal celebrations held at Amboise in the spring of 1518 for the dauphin prince’s baptism and the marriage of the Pope’s nephew Lorenzo II de Medici with Madeleine de la Tour-d’Auvergne. She remained there for several days before being well enough to travel on. MARY 1ST, KNOWN AS MARY STUART, QUEEN OF SCOTLAND (1542/ 1559/1587). JEAN DU BARRY, LORD OF THE RENAUDIE (?-1560). At the beginning of the 17th century, the huge château was all but abandoned when the property passed into the hands of Gaston d'Orleans, the brother of the Bourbon King Louis XIII. At the age of 10, he arrived at the court in Amboise and joined the “little gang” of François of Angoulême, the future King François Ier. After a gruelling war for the kingdoms of France and Spain, he succeeded Charles II, the last king of the Habsburg dynasty on the peninsula and became the first Bourbon king of Spain. Charles VIII's successor, Louis XII built the Renaissance wing at right angle with the Gothic wing. Charles de Bourbon Count (1495-1514) then Duke of Vendôme (1514-1537),was born on 2nd June 1489 in Vendômeand died on 25th March 1536 in Amiens. Following the death of her husband in 1496, she devoted herself to her children’s education. In 1514, he was named captain of the 1st company of the Scottish guard, the most prestigious unit of the four companies of the king’s bodyguards. By the time it was finished, 1200 Protestants were gibbetted, strung from the town walls, hung from the iron hooks that held pennants and tapestries on festive occasions and from the very balcony of the Logis du Roy. Preferring his residence at Plessis-Lès-Tours, he installed his wife and his children at the royal Château of Amboise, removed from court life. She went to Amboise with her mother and her brother when the latter was designated heir apparent to the French crown in 1498. Born in 1473, Louise ofSavoiewas the daughter of Philippe II ofSavoie (1438-1497) and Marguerite of Bourbon (1438-1483). The queen left France for good after her husband’s death in 1561. - See 5,358 traveler reviews, 4,997 candid photos, and great deals for Amboise, France, at Tripadvisor. To reach Madrid and assume the crown, the young Philippe of Anjou passed the Château of Amboise where he stayed from the 11th to 13th December 1700. His reign was marked by the epic of Joan of Arc (1512-1431), who had him crowned in Reims in 1429 and led the fight against the invaders from across the Channel. His assets were then confiscated and his family members arrested. Daughter of François II (1435-1488), Duke of Brittany, in 1488 she succeeded him at the head of the duchy, in the absence of a male heir. Maps enhanced from an open-source original by Openstreetmap. On the way to prison, Nicolas Fouquet stayed at the Château of Amboise where he was kept in the dungeon from 4th to 16th December 1661. Chateau d’Amboise in the Loire valley, France Château d’Amboise didn’t start off as a royal castle. The remnants of an old bridge, shown below. Source: www.cour-defrance.fr database In December 1515 he was in Rome. They signed a treaty but Clovis killed the Visigoth ruler four years later and became the first king of a country which became France. Source : www.cour-de-france.fr. Thus he lived at Amboise until 1508. He ascended to the throne in 1461 and held great ambitions for the kingdom. In fact, during Mass, the queen lost consciousness and was immediately taken to the Château. In her Mémoires, she detailed her worries with regard to her mother. Then in 1521, he defended Champagne against an expedition by Charles V. he fought in Italy again, in Pavia. He also created life-size,trompe-l’œil high walls depicting the French victories in Italy on the Châteliersplateau, close to the château. In 1526 he was made a knight of the Order of Saint Michael and named 6th Governor of Auvergne on 28th February 1529, a role he held until 18th May 1536. In 1950, the exile law was abolished and the Orléansfamily could return to French soil. CHARLES IX, KING OF FRANCE (1550/ 1560/1574). For more than two centuries, the history of the Château d’Amboise was intimately interlinked with the epic narrative of French history. Henri was not logically destined to reign. He also took part in the colonisation campaigns in Algeria. Loiredalen Monumenter Kultur Tilmelding til nyhedsbrev Relevante artikler . They had a happy marriage until the tragic death of the latter in 1842. This union was above all political because Maria de Medici (1575-1642), mother of the king and regent of the kingdom, wanted to guarantee peace with the Habsburgs of Spain. He based his political aims on an alliance with the people in order to reinforce the royal authority over the great feudal lords. The Chateau boasts of the largest double helix staircase . Thanks to its new interactive video space, visitors to the Royal Castle of Amboise can now discover the castle in all its states, from the Middle Ages to the present day. After having successively reined in the empire of Charles V (1500/ 1516-1519/1558), the final years of his reign were marked with defeats that put a definitive end to French ambitions on the Italian peninsula. On the evening of the victory at Marignan, he was knighted by the king himself. The latter had Fouquet deposed and then arrested. Expanded and improved over time, on 4 September 1434 it was seized by Charles VII of France, after its owner, Louis d'Amboise, Viscount of Thours (1392–1469), was convicted of plotting against Louis XI and condemned to be executed in 1431. PS coordinates of Château d' Amboise: N47.412908 E 0.985605 Parking : Free: Top Tip. Many of the châteaux were built on hilltops, such as the Château d'Amboise, while the only one built in the riverbed is the Château de Montsoreau. Nicknamed the “Father of the People” by the Estates General in 1506, he led reforms in the fields of justice and taxation. Beheaded a few days later, she left a daughter who became Elizabeth 1st, illustrious queen of England and Ireland (1533/ 1558/1603). Later a feudal fortress. Outside France’s borders, he worked on enhancing the majesty of France and weakening the Habsburgs. In particular, he created a Portrait of Charles at Amboise, after 1507, which is today preserved at the Louvre Museum, LOUISE OF SAVOIE, PRINCESS OF SAVOIE (1476-1531). After painful death throes, she died in 1821. ROBERT III DE LA MARCK, LORD OF FLEURANGE AND OF SEDAN, KNOWN AS ‘THE YOUNG ADVENTURER’ (1491- 1535), CAPTAIN OF THE CENT-SUISSES (SWISS GUARDS). 10 am - 6 pm. To this end, he formed an alliance with France. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. She was raised at Amboise before being married at 12 years old to her cousin Louis of Orléans, the future Louis XII. The eldest son of Claude of Lorraine, 1st Duke of Guise, François II of Guise was also the brother of Marie of Guise (mother of Mary Stuart of Scotland) and Charles of Guise (the future Cardinal of Lorraine). While it’s known for its late Gothic and early Renaissance architecture and furnishings, and its connection to Leonardo da Vinci, who moved to Amboise in 1516, it has more than one tragic tale to tell. He completed his University studies in 1517 but failed to take his exams. He stayed at the château at least twice after his accession: from 6th April to 5th May 1551 and from 6th March to 24th April 1556. After making his name during his diplomatic career and thanks to his relationship with Madame de Pompadour (1721-1764), he climbed the rungs to the top of the state. LOUIS XIV, KING OF FRANCE AND NAVARRE (1638/ 1643/1715). He created several commissions for François of Angoulême (the future François 1er) ‘La Sainte Famille aux anges’ (The Holy Family with the Angels), then after his accession, most notably Madonna col Bambino (Madonna and Child), Santa Elisabetta e San Giovannino et La Charité (St Elisabeth, St John and Charity) (1518), preserved in the Louvre. CLAUDE OF FRANCE, QUEEN OF FRANCE (1499/ 1515/1524). About the Author. The heir to four dynasties, as a result of his forebears’ matrimonial alliances, he was the great grandson of Charles the Bold, the last Duke of Burgundy, (1433-1477), the grandson of Maximilian I of Habsburg, most notably emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (1459- 1508/1519), and the grandson of the “Catholic Kings”, Isabella I, queen of Castile (1451/ 1474-1504) and Ferdinand II, king of Aragon (1452/ 1479/1516). He governed a kingdom in the midst of social, economic and political change. About the Author. On the death of her father, she became Countess of Auvergne and inherited one of the largest fortunes in France. [10] Charles died at Château d'Amboise in 1498 after he hit his head on a door lintel. Charles was the son of Henri II He spent some of his childhood at Amboise where he also stayed after his accession on 19th March 1563. Jean de La Fontaine was from a wealthy Picardy family. Son of the Count of Toulouse (1678-1737), from the legitimate line of Louis XIV (1638/1643/1715) and Madame de Montespan(1640-1707), Louis-Jean-Marie de Bourbon, Duke ofPenthièvre,took over his father’s civil and military responsibilities as Master of the Royal Hounds and Admiral of France, in 1737. Henry II and his wife, Catherine de' Medici, raised their children in the Château d'Amboise, along with Mary Stuart, the child Queen of Scotland who had been promised in marriage to the future French Francis II. Charles resided mainly in Chinon, in the Loire Valley. Despite the policy of appeasement that she advocated, Catherine de Medici was often at the mercy of factions, above all concerned with preserving the royal primacy. Following the Italian War of 1494–1495, Charles brought Italian architects and artisans to France to work on the château, and turn it into "the first Italianate palace in France". He died in France at the Château of Mirefleurs in Auvergne, on 2nd July 1536. He then devoted himself entirely to the management and preservation of the family’s historic heritage by creating, in 1974, the ‘Fondation Saint-Louis’(St. Louis Foundation). On the invitation of King Charles VIII, he lived in France from 1495 to around 1532. (1514). Remove Ads Advertisement. Clovis was also famous for his conversion to Christianity after the victory at Tolbiac in 496. Born in 1810, Ferdinand-Philippe d'Orléans was the eldest son of Louis-Philippe d'Orléans (1773/1830-1848/1850), the future Louis-Philippe I and Marie-Amélie of Bourbon (1782-1866), princess of the Two Sicilies. Claiming his rights over the kingdom of Naples, he launched his conquest in 1494, the starting point for French ambitions in Italy until 1559. Later that year, in October, President Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte visited Abd al-Qadir at Amboise to give him the news of his release. The Romans set up camp here, Clovis, King of the Franks met with his enemy, the Visigoth King, here in 503. However, the king pardoned him but took his château at Amboise. Message from Tripadvisor: … CHARLES VII, KING OF FRANCE (1403/ 1422/1461). Afflicted by the defeat, accused of having abandoned the king, he fell ill and died the same year without posterity. He died in 1680, in Pinerolo, Italy. After the death of Maximilian, Sickingen accepted bribes from François Ier to agitate for the latter’s candidature, but during the election, he led his troops to Frankfurt-am-Main to guarantee the election of Charles V. As recompense for his service he was made an imperial chamberlain and advisor. A panoramic view of the mostly 15th century CE Chateau d'Amboise, Amboise, France. From this brief union (the husband died in Italy in 1519), was born one child, Catherine de Medici (1519-1589), the future wife of Henri II (1519/ 1547/1559). Upon the death of Louis XI in 1483, she assumed with her husband the de facto regency of his brother Charles VIII until 1491. They travelled a great deal. He stayed at the Château of Amboise twice, in 1598 and 1602. Born in 1818, François d'Orléanswas the seventh child of Louis-Philippe d'Orléans (1773/1830-1848/1850) the future Louis-Philippe I and Marie-Amélie of Bourbon (1782-1866), princess of the Two Sicilies. Perched on a spur above the Loire River, this flamboyant royal residence served as the Court of Kings Charles VIII and Francis I, affording it great political importance. Françoise of Braganza died in Paris in 1898. Profiting from her new position in the sovereign’s heart, the Countess of Châteaubriantsupported the rise of her brothers, one of whom was the famous Marshall of Lautrec, and the other Thomas, was also Marshall of France. In 1474, she married Pierre ofBeaujeu, younger brother of Duke Jean II of Bourbon, then his successor to the title of Duke of Bourbon. King Louis-Philippe 1er was an ardent defender of French heritage, supporting the classification of monuments emblematic of the national history, at the top of which features Amboise, listed since 1840. [14] In 1852 an article in Bentley's Miscellany noted that before Abd Al-Qadir took up residence in the château, it had frequently been visited by tourists. He died of measles at the Château of Amboise three years later. 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